Archive for September, 2012

Use Coal, Cause Crime

Tuesday, September 4th, 2012

Source: Tom Nelson  

 Bummer: “Between 2010 and 2099, climate change will cause an additional 30,000 murders, 200,000 cases of rape, 1.4 million aggravated assaults, 2.2 million simple assaults, 400,000 robberies, 3.2 million burglaries, 3.0 million cases of larceny, and 1.3 million cases of vehicle theft in the United States”

Crime, Weather, and Climate Change by Matthew Ranson :: SSRN

Abstract:
This paper estimates the impact of climate change on the prevalence of criminal activity in the United States. The analysis is based on a 50-year panel of monthly crime and weather data for 2,972 U.S. counties. I identify the effect of weather on monthly crime by using a semi-parametric bin estimator and controlling for county-by-month and county-by-year fixed effects. The results show that temperature has a strong positive effect on criminal behavior, with little evidence of lagged impacts. Between 2010 and 2099, climate change will cause an additional 30,000 murders, 200,000 cases of rape, 1.4 million aggravated assaults, 2.2 million simple assaults, 400,000 robberies, 3.2 million burglaries, 3.0 million cases of larceny, and 1.3 million cases of vehicle theft in the United States.

Democratic Party Platform: Climate Change

Tuesday, September 4th, 2012

Source:  Tom Nelson 

 Democratic Party Platform: “We know that global climate change is one of the biggest threats of this generation ? an economic, environmental, and national security catastrophe in the making”

Democratic Party Platform Engages Climate Change

We know that global climate change is one of the biggest threats of this generation ? an economic, environmental, and national security catastrophe in the making. We affirm the science of climate change, commit to significantly reducing the pollution that causes climate change, and know we have to meet this challenge by driving smart policies that lead to greater growth in clean energy generation and result in a range of economic and social benefits.

A Chinese Perspective on Corn-Ethanol Biofuels

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

Source:  CO2 Science

http://www.featurepics.com/online/Chinese-Girl-660240.aspx

Reference
Yang, Q. and Chen, G.Q. 2012. Nonrenewable energy cost of corn-ethanol in China. Energy Policy 41: 340-347.

Background
The authors write that “interest in bio-ethanol as a substitute energy supply for nonrenewable fossil fuels has been growing since [the] 1990s in China,” and they say that “after Brazil and the US, China has recently become the third largest ethanol producer and consumer.” In this regard, however, they note that after it was suggested by Chambers et al. (1979) that the production of corn-ethanol might use more energy than it delivers, “numerous studies of the net-energy value of the bio-ethanol have been reported in many countries,” and they cite a group of 26 reports that “provide very different results, with net energy values ranging from highly positive to negative.” (more…)

How Ocean Acidification and Warming Impact Predator-Prey Relationships of Calcifying Organisms

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

Source:  CO2 Science

Reference
Landes, A. and Zimmer, M. 2012. Acidification and warming affect both a calcifying predator and prey, but not their interaction. Marine Ecology Progress Series 450: 1-10.

Background
The authors write that “both ocean warming and acidification have been demonstrated to affect the growth, performance and reproductive success of calcifying invertebrates.” However, they say that “relatively little is known regarding how such environmental change may affect interspecific interactions.” (more…)

Summer Warming Impacts on Bees, Moths and Butterflies in Mountainous Northern Scandinavia

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

Source:  CO2 Science

http://www.fanpop.com/spots/butterflies/images/9481772/title/beautiful-butterflies-wallpaper

Reference
Franzen, M. and Ockinger, E. 2012. Climate-driven changes in pollinator assemblages during the last 60 years in an Arctic mountain region in Northern Scandinavia. Journal of Insect Conservation 16: 227-238.

Background
The authors state that climate change is predicted to threaten a large proportion of earth’s animal life, citing Parmesan and Yohe (2003) and Thomas et al. (2004), while further noting that the Arctic is predicted to be especially susceptible to potential threats from climate change, citing Overpeck et al. (1996). And if the Arctic region is mountainous, the predictions are extremely dire; for in testimony presented before the Select Committee of Energy Independence and Global Warming of the U.S. House of Representatives on 26 April 2007, NASA’s James Hanson said that life in alpine regions is in danger of being “pushed off the planet” as the earth warms, for he declared that it has “no place else to go.” (more…)

Sec. Clinton, are you listening?

Saturday, September 1st, 2012

Source: Izvestia

Russia May Legalize Possession of Handguns

Federation Council Vice-Speaker Alexander Torshin intends to propose a bill that would allow Russians to possess handguns and use them for self-defense without fear of being exposed to criminal liability. Presumably, the bill will be proposed in the State Duma early next year.

In the meantime, the Federation Council has launched an active indoctrination effort meant to influence the public into adopting a sober-minded attitude toward the Torshin initiative. On July 24, the vice-speaker himself will deliver an expert report to legislators, senators, Public Chamber members and representatives of gun associations. The same report will be submitted to the President?s Executive Office. (more…)